The question of the second coming of Jesus Christ is not something decided only on the basis of the indirect evidence of the Qur’anic verses discussed above. It has been elaborated at length in a large number of Ahadith which reach the degree of Tawatur. These Ahadith have been reported by more than thirty companions and narrated by almost all the major compilers of Ahadith including the Sihah Sittah or six most authentic collections of Ahadith. Different scholars have prepared independent collections of the Ahadith dealing with the second coming of Jesus Christ. Those authors include Imam Muhammad Ibn Ali al-Shaw-kani, Shaikh Muhammad Zahid Kawthari, Maulana Muhammad Anwar Shah Kashmiri and others. Various authors have highlighted the sublime degree of Tawatur found in these Ahadith.
The total number of reports collected by Maulana Muhammad Anwar Shah Kashmiri in his book Al-Tasrih Bima Tawatara Fi Nuzul al-Masih and its editor reach a total number of 111. There might be some other reports missed by the learned author or his editor. A survey of these reports shows that these clearly and unequivocally tell that Jesus Christ, son of Mary, the Messenger of God, who was sent to the Children of Israel along with Gospels, some two thousand years back, will come again to perform a specific assignment before the close of the world. In order to avoid any possible confusion or misunderstanding as to the identity of the person to come – all his a attributes, qualification and even physical features; garments, style of dress and hair-cut has been mentioned in detail. It is very important and significant to note that in all these Ahadith, his proper name Jesus Christ along with the name of his mother Mary has been mentioned rather than his epithet Messiah. This shows that the Holy Prophet had in mind the possibility of any confusion or misunderstanding if the epithet Messiah was used. Another important aspect of these Ahadith is that the bodily features of Jesus Christ, as mentioned in these Ahadith, are exactly those which have been referred to in other Ahadith about the life of the Israelite Prophet.
Apart from bodily features many other important details have also been given. The words used in these Ahadith for the second coming include descent, return, coming out, being raised etc. In one of the reports it has been said that death is yet to come to him as he has not yet died. It is not possible in this brief paper to reproduce all the relevant Ahadith as they exceed one hundred. However, a selection of reports is given here.
It is reported from Abu Hurairah (razi Allahu Anhu) that the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H.) said, “By Him in Whose Hands is my soul, the time is coming when the son of Mary will descend among you as a just arbitrator. He will destroy the cross, kill the swine and put an end to the battle. Wealth will abound to such an extent that no one will accept it. One prostration (before Allah) will be better than the world and what is in it”. After narrating this Abu Hurairah used to say: You may recite if you like:” and there is none of the People of the Book but must believe in him before his death: and on the Day of Judgment he will be a witness against them”. (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim). In another narration reported by Muslim, the following words have been added on the authority of Ata: “Mutual hatred, jealousy and grudge will disappear”.
Abu Hurairah (razi Allahu Anhu) reports that the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) has said: “the Prophets are brothers unto each other from one father. Their mothers are different but their religion is one. I am closest of all the prophets to Jesus, son of Mary because there has been no Prophet between him and me. He is going to descend; therefore, if you see him recognize him. He is a middle-statured man with a reddish white complexion, wearing two yellow cloths; it will appear as if drops (of water) are flowing from his head though it would not be wet. He will smash the cross, kill the swine and put an end to the Jizyah. He will invite people to Islam and Allah will eliminate, during his days, all religious cultures and affiliations except Islam. Allah will also eliminate the Imposter Messiah, the Dajjal in his time. There will be peace and security in the earth so much so that lions will pasture with camels, tigers and crows, and the wolves with goats. Children will play with the snakes without harm to themselves. He will live in the earth for 40 years, then, he will pass away. Muslims will offer his funeral prayer and inter him”. (Reported by Ahmad, Abu Daud, Ibn Majah, Abd Ibn Humaid, Ibn Abi Shaibah and others).
Abu Hurairah (razi Allahu Anhu) has reported that the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H.) has said, “How will be your condition when the Son of Mary will descend among you while your Imam (leader) will be from amongst you”.(Reported by Bukhari and Muslim). In a variation of the same Hadith reported by Baihaqi the words are as follows, “…when the son of Mary will descend among you from heaven…”.
Jabir Ibn Abdullah (razi Allahu Anhu) reports that he heard the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H.) as saying: “A group of my Ummah will continue to fight for the truth and coming out for its cause till the Day of Judgment. Then, Jesus, son of Mary, will descend. The Amir of the Muslims will ask him to come forward and lead the prayer. He will say, “No, some of you are leaders over others as an honour of this Ummah by Allah”. (Reported by Muslim and Ahmad).
Abu Hurairah (razi Allahu Anhu) reports that the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H.) has said, “By Him in Whose Hands is my soul! The Son of Mary is certainly going to raise his voice with labbaik at Fajj al-Rawha with the intention to perform the major pilgrimage or the minor pilgrimage or both”. (Reported by Muslim and Ahmad).
Abdullah b. ‘Amr (razi Allahu Anhu) reported that a person came to him and said: What is this Hadith that you narrate that the Last Hour would come at such and such time? Thereupon he said: Hallowed be Allah, there is no god but Allah (or some words to the same effect). I have decided that I would not narrate anything to anyone now. I had only said that you would see after some time an important event that the (sacred) House (Ka’ba) would be burnt and it would happen and definitely happen. He then reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: The Dajjal would appear in my Ummah and he would stay (in the world) for forty — I cannot say whether he meant forty days, forty months or forty years. And Allah would then send Jesus son of Mary who would resemble ‘Urwa b. Mas’ud. He (Jesus Christ) would chase him and kill him. Then people would live for seven years that there would be no rancour between two persons. Then Allah would send cold wind from the side of Syria that none would survive upon the earth having a speck of good in him or faith in him but he would die, so much so that even if some amongst you were to enter the innermost part of a mountain, this wind would reach that place also and that would cause his death. I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Only the wicked people would survive and they would be as careless as birds with the characteristics of beasts. They would never appreciate the good nor condemn the evil. Then the Satan would come to them in human form and would say: Don’t you respond? And they would say: What do you order us? And he would command them to worship idols but, in spite of this they would have abundance and lead comfortable lives. Then the trumpet would be blown and no one would hear that but he would bend his neck to one side and raise it from the other side. And the first one to hear that trumpet would be the person who would be busy in setting right the tank meant for providing water to camels. He would swoon and the other people would also swoon; then Allah would send or He would cause to send rain which would be like dew and there would grow out of it the bodies of the people. Then the second trumpet would be blown and they would stand up and begin to look (around). Then it would be said: O people, go to your Lord, and make them stand there. And they would be questioned. Then it would be said: Bring out a group (out of them) for the Hell-Fire. And then it would be asked: How much? It would be said: Nine hundred and ninety-nine out of one thousand for the Hell-Fire and that would be the day which would make the children old because of its terror and that would be the day about which it has been said: “On the day when the shank would be uncovered”.
It is reported from Thawban (razi Allahu Anhu), a freed slave of the Messenger of Allah, that the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) has said’ “Two battalions of my Ummah are protected from the Hell-Fire by Allah: the battalion which will fight in India and the battalion which will be with Jesus, son of Mary (P.B.U.H.)”(Reported by Nasa’i, Ahmad, Tabarani).
Mujammi’ Ibn Jariyah al-Ansari(razi Allahu Anhu) reports that he heard the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H.) as saying, “The son of Mary will kill the Anti-Christ (Dajjal) at the door of Lydda”. (Reported by Tirmidhi and Ahmad).
Abdullah Bin Umar (razi Allahu Anhu) reports that the Messenger of Allah has said, “How can perish the Ummah of which I am the beginning and Jesus, son of Mary is at the end”. (Reported by Hakim and Nasa’i).
It is reported by Anas (razi Allahu Anhu) that the Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H.) has said: “Whosoever from amongst you lives to see Jesus, son of Mary he should convey my greetings to him”. (Reported by Hakim).
It is reported by Aws Ibn Aws al-Thaqafi (razi Allahu Anhu) that the Holy Prophet has said: “Jesus, son of Mary will descend near the white minaret towards the east of Damascus”. (Reported by Tabarani).
It may not be out of place, before proceeding further, to mention the names of the Companions (May Allah Almighty be pleased from all of them) who have reported the Ahadith relating to the descent or the second coming of Jesus Christ (i.e. Prophet of Allah, Isa ibn Maryam) son of Mary. This list would show that the Ahadith undoubtedly reach the highest degree of Tawatur and their contents constitute a part of our articles of faith:
Abu Hurairah (razi Allahu Anhu)
Jabir ibn Abdullah (razi Allahu Anhu)
Nawwas ibn San’an (razi Allahu Anhu)
Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As (razi Allahu Anhu)
Hudhaifah ibn Asid al-Ghifari (razi Allahu Anhu)
Thawban (razi Allahu Anhu) (A freed slave; Personal attendant of the Holy Prophet).
Mujammi’ ibn Jariyah (razi Allahu Anhu)
Abu Umamah al-Bahili (razi Allahu Anhu)
Abdullah ibn Mas’ud,(razi Allahu Anhu) a prominent scholar and jurist among the Companions
Uthman ibn Abi’l-‘As (razi Allahu Anhu)
Samurah ibn Jundab (razi Allahu Anhu)
Abdullah ibn Umar (razi Allahu Anhu) (son of the second Caliph)
Anas ibn Malik (razi Allahu Anhu)(a personal attendant of the Holy Prophet)
Wathilah ibn Aqsa'(razi Allahu Anhu)
Abdullah ibn Salam (razi Allahu Anhu)(a scholar of Jewish scriptures)
Abdullah ibn Abbas (razi Allahu Anhu) (a well-known scholar among the Companions, a cousin of the Holy Prophet).
Aws ibn Aws al Thaqafi (razi Allahu Anhu)
Imran ibn Hussian (razi Allahu Anhu)
‘Aishah (razi Allahu Anha), the Mother of the Faithful, wife of the Holy Prophet (salullahu alaih wassalam)
Safinah (razi Allahu Anhu), a freed slave of the Holy Prophet (salullahu alaih wassalam)
Hudhaifah ibn al-Yaman (razi Allahu Anhu)
Abdullah ibn Mughaffal (razi Allahu Anhu)
Abd al-Rahman ibn Samurah (razi Allahu Anhu)
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (razi Allahu Anhu)
Ammar ibn Yasir (razi Allahu Anhu)
Ka san ibn Tariq (razi Allahu Anhu)
Salamah ibn Nufail al-Sakuni (razi Allahu Anhu)
Safiyyah (razi Allahu Anha), Mother of the Faithful, wife of the Holy Prophet.
Nafi’ ibn Kaisan (razi Allahu Anhu)
Abu’l-Darda’ (razi Allahu Anhu)
Amr ibn Awf al-Muzani (razi Allahu Anhu)
Umm Salamah (razi Allahu Anha), Mother of the Faithful, wife of the Holy Prophet
These traditions have been reported by all the early compilers of the Hadith. We may refer to their names to show that all the doctors and savants of Hadith agree on the authenticity of these reports. The Muhaddithin or the Traditionalists who have transmitted this article of our belief to us include the following:
These are the six most authentic collections of the Ahadith, popularity known as the Sihah Sittah, i.e. the Six Most Genuine.